OIC or the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is a gathering of 57 Muslim-majority countries all around the world and is the second largest inter-governmental organisation in the world after the United Nations. The total population of OIC member states is over 1.9 billion as of 2018.
This was the first time in OIC 2019 that India was invited to attend the meeting of OIC. Our External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj, attended its inaugural plenary of the foreign minister’s conclave of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation or OIC as the guest of honour.
History of OIC
1.This Organization was established in Rabat, a Kingdom of Morocco, on 12th Rajab 1389 Hijri (September 25, 1969) upon a decision of the historical summit new.
2. In 1970, the first-ever meeting of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Minister (ICFM) was held in Jeddah. In this meet, it was decided that a permanent secretariat would be established.
3. The secretariat of the organisation comprises a secretary-general who is the Chief Administrative Officer of OIC.
4. The first OIC charter was adopted by the 3rd ICFM session held in 197. It laid down the objectives and principles of the organization and fundamental purposes to improve the strength and cooperation of the organisation.
5. Over the last 40 years, the membership has grown a lot from its founding members of 30 to a present strength of 57 countries.
6. The charter was amended to keep pace with the developments that have taken place across the globe. The present charter of the OIC was adopted by the 11th Islamic Summit held in Dakar in March 2008.
7. The member states of the OIC have to face many challenges in the 21st century and to address those challenges, the third session of the Islamic Summit held in December 2005 in Makkah, laid down the blueprint called the Ten-Year Program of Action.
8. IOC successfully concluded with the close of 2015. A successor programme for the next decade (2016-2025) has, since then, been adopted for future developments.
9. The programme of OIC-2025 focuses on around 18 major priority areas along with 107 goals that they aim to accomplish.
OIC 2019 Roundup
1.OIC 2019: The Pakistani delegation led by its Ambassador to Saudi Arabia had earlier protested at the OIC plenary on the issue of inviting India as a guest of honour. During a meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, commonly known as OIC, it passed two strongly-worded resolutions on Kashmir, the only document drafted by the host that is adopted by all the 57-member nations. The host country denied giving in to Pakistan’s demands to include Kashmir in the final draft. According to several sources, Pakistan protested in every session on various issues that were related to India.
2. Like Pakistan, India too had asserted a lot of diplomatic pressure to ensure that Kashmir stays out of the communique. Moreover, sources also informed that the UAE and Saudi Arabia had an important role to play in ensuring that “the guest” does not be “embarrassed” and, hence, they allowed Pakistan numerous resolutions but also kept in mind that Kashmir does not come in the final document. There were, however, many separate resolutions on Kashmir, India-Pakistan peace process, the recent airspace violation, and the situation of minorities in India.
3. According to an official, it was said that the resolutions don’t reflect or require a consensus. They are essentially national positions of every individual country. Many countries also move resolutions of their own interest, which must go unopposed.
4. When the country decided to adopt the joint declaration, two countries stood in protest, that is, Iran and Pakistan. Iran protested the mention of “Iranian occupation of three Emirati islands” – it called the process undemocratic and unfair.
5. The Pakistani delegation was led by Ambassador, to Saudi Arabia, Raja Ali Ejaz, who had earlier protested at the OIC plenary for inviting India as a guest of honour. India’s External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj was invited by the UAE counterpart named Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Pakistan tried to get the invitation rescinded and even approached to UAE and Saudi Arabia on the matter. Both the countries were conveyed that there would be no change in the decision to invite India for the summit and that Mrs. Sushma Swaraj would be welcomed with “full honours” accorded to a guest.